The Alpha-Negatron Hypothesis Version 3.5 Copyright © 2013 Pal Sahota, all rights reserved

The Alpha-Negatron Hypothesis
Version 3.5
Copyright © 2013 Pal Sahota, all rights reserved

The unified hypothesis of gravity, magnetism, gravitism, electromagnetic radiation, time, consciousness and the occult by Pal Sahota

Introduction

Tesla describing Alpha-Negatrons

In the above quote, it is assumed Tesla is referring to neutrinos as the terminology of neutrons and neutrinos wasn’t established at that time. Referring to the above statement of “exceeding that of light”, he actually said that he had observed them going faster than light. The relevance of the above quote by Tesla will become more significant as we progress through the hypothesis.

This hypothesis offers tangible explanations and wherever possible gives real life analogies one can relate to and tries to answer many unanswered questions relating to the subject. By studying nature it is apparent that there is a basic pattern like fractal which keeps repeating itself so it’s unlikely that what we call empty space is really empty and there is an underlying purpose or function to this ‘empty space’. Nature is also very dynamic, full of movement including spin and is in a state of constant change. There is more dynamics whether in movement or in spin as you move down from the macro cosmic to the microscopic down to the subatomic. Physicists often invent particles to fit the unexplained such as gluons which bind the nucleus and gravitons which give the property of gravity to matter. These particles of convenience are mere fudge factors and it will be demonstrated that other more plausible explanations are more likely to be the reality.

This hypothesis is based on the assumption of a basic particle of matter which may be one of the fundamental components of all matter. This particle is much, much smaller than an electron and it is negatively charged, thus it is called the alpha-negatron. The size of this negative charge is also proportional to its relative size compared to that of an electron which is also negatively charged. This particle is available in abundance and may also be a basic building block to form bigger particles such as electrons and neutrons. After the ‘big bang’ everything from large masses such as planets down to subatomic particles such as electrons, protons and neutrons spun on their own axes in the same direction. The alpha-negatrons also initially spun on their own axes in the same direction but due to their size in relation to other sub-atomic particles such as electrons, neutrons and protons, they can be influence by them to change direction of movement and spin.

These particles exist everywhere in the universe, they exist in deep space where no physical matter is found and they also exist in between the spaces of subatomic particles such as electrons and the nucleus of the atom. Due to their negative charge they repel each other and are therefore evenly spaced forming a three dimensional matrix.  Gravity, magnetism, gravitism and electromagnetic radiation are caused as a result of the movement of the alpha-negatrons within this matrix. Gravitism is field force like magnetism and is caused by the spin and movement of protons whether on their own or from within the nucleus instead of electrons as in magnetism and its mechanism and how it influences the surrounding alpha-negatrons will be explained later.

The other assumption of this hypothesis is that the nuclei of atoms spin on their own axes. This is a reasonable assumption based on the above fact that nature has a basic pattern. The atom vaguely resembles a mini ‘solar system’ and both the sun and the planets possess spin. The electron spins around the nucleus and it also spins on its own axis. This model is not to be taken literally but is mentioned only to emphasise that the probability of the nucleus possessing spin and the electrons spinning on their axes are very high. There are major differences between the two models which will become apparent as various relevant topics are discussed in the hypothesis.

The movement of the electrons PUSH the alpha-negatrons into mini whirlpools due to their negative charge. The alpha-negatrons within these mini whirlpools are also spinning on their own axes but perpendicular to the plane of rotation around the nucleus and its mechanism will be explained later in the hypothesis when the gyroscopic effect of the electron is discussed. The two fundamental component particles of the nucleus are neutrons and protons. A neutron has no charge but the proton has the equivalent positive charge of the electron. The spin of the nucleus therefore PULLS the alpha-negatrons into a spiral motion due to its positive charge. The alpha-negatrons around the nucleus are also spinning on their own axes in the same direction as spin of the nucleus on its own axis. Since the size of the nucleus is much, much larger than that of an electron, the accumulation of the positive charges from the combined protons in the nucleus all concentrated in the nucleus exerts it effect on the surrounding alpha-negatrons and it is proportionally larger than what one electron would exert. There are two types of currents circulating in the alpha-negatron atmosphere, one caused by the movement of electrons and the other by the spin of the nuclei. Both these currents interact with each other.

Difference between field forces and waves

As stated above, alpha-negatrons are negatively charged particles with or without spin and are evenly spaced forming a three dimensional matrix. Waves are created by shock and as one alpha-negatron is moved this causes the next to be moved which causes the next to be moved and so forth.  Field forces are created by a stirring and spinning of the alpha-negatrons on their axes in the matrix. The difference between waves and field forces can be best demonstrated with the analogy of a pool of still water being disturbed by a hand. Backward and forward movement of the hand in water causes ripples or waves in the water. Stirring the water with the hand in circular movement causes a whirlpool or tidal current force. Electromagnetic waves of different wavelengths are created according to the type of shock used to create the waves. Magnetism and gravitism are field forces but they differ in their mechanism of creation such as centrifugal and centripetal forces.

Propagation of waves

Similar to sound waves, electromagnetic waves propagate through the alpha-negatron matrix utilizing compression and rarefaction. Electromagnetic waves can interact with physical matter they meet on the way and can be absorbed or their wavelengths altered according to the type of interaction involved. The wavelength can also be altered as a result of the interaction of another wave of different wavelength or the same wavelength but a different phase. This can result in a combined wave of a longer wavelength or even cancel each other out. This is the result of the combination of constructive and destructive inference from each wave. Electromagnetic waves can also demonstrate the Doppler Effect. Gravity is for intent and purpose an electromagnetic wave at the lower end of the electromagnetic spectrum.

Mass / Weight and Possible nature of Gravity

The common perception of mass is that it is a measure of how much matter is in an object. The common perception of weight is that it is the force with which a body’s mass is attracted due to gravitational force exerted by the Earth or another celestial body. A body with a certain mass may have no weight in space whereas the same mass will have a weight proportional to its mass in a given gravitational atmosphere.

Let us now speculate on the possible nature of gravity which could have a number of explanations:

It could be a force like an electrostatic force. If that was the case then matter should be repelled, not attracted to the earth or a celestial body since both are made of essentially the same material.

If gravity was a field force like magnetism or gravitism such as described above and explained in more detail below, then it would in both cases be influenced by still magnetic fields as both forces alter the alpha-negatron matrix in a broadly similar way and experiments have proven that is not the case. The gravitational force exerted on an object would also increase exponentially as it is brought closer to the earth or celestial body similar to two magnets of opposing poles and we know that is not the case. Although the effect of gravity decreases with altitude, its decrease is gradual and linear.

The most likely explanation of gravity is that it is waves traveling towards the source whether it is from a small object or a celestial body. The interaction of the gravity waves from two bodies in close proximity exerts a pulling effect on each other proportional to their mass. Such an interaction exerts a weaker force than would be the case if it was a field force. This type of interaction would also exert a more uniform and linear force than that would be exerted by a field force.

Gravity

Gravity is caused by the interaction of the positively charged nucleus with the negatively charged alpha-negatrons causing an overall effect of a current of alpha-negatrons moving towards the nucleus hence causing the pulling effect of matter. This current is in the form of a wave formed in the alpha-negatron matrix. Two atoms in close proximity will pull on one another on the same plane due to the rotation of the nuclei creating a gravitational field in the same way as the alignment of planets occurs and this helps to form molecules through electron bonds. The pulling effect due to gravity in individual atoms in the above example is directional due to the spin of the nuclei on one plane. A covalent bond is formed when atoms share valence electrons. This may be achieved by one atom flipping relative to another so that both the outer electrons are spinning in opposite directions allowing an electron to be shared in a covalent bond. This also results in the spins of both nuclei spinning in opposite directions. Matter is three dimensional with the nuclei of the atoms being evenly distributed within it and the rotations of the nuclei are in all probability not synchronous and about half of the nuclei are spinning in opposite directions relative to one another as explained above due to molecular bonding or by chance.  There are many types of molecular bonding but the overall above principles still apply.

The pushing effect of the electrons on the spinning alpha-negatrons in conjunction with the pulling effect of the spinning nucleus on the spinning alpha-negatrons may actually help to weave or modulate a wave in the alpha-negatron matrix. Oscillations produced when the positively charged nucleus spins results in waves in the alpha-negatron matrix. Oscillations are also produced in the alpha-negatron matrix when two adjacent nuclei have opposite spins. Due to their close proximity and opposing spins the result is that greater agitation is achieved. This is analogous to the nucleus oscillating back and forth producing stronger waves. These waves are probably of different frequency than the single nucleus in the above example. The size of the nucleus also influences the frequency of the gravity wave. The size of the nucleus is dependent on the number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus which is unique for each element.

The vast majority of gravity waves are produced as result of two adjacent nuclei having opposite spins due to the nature of molecular bonding. Due to the size and close proximity of each nucleus as a result of molecular bonding, gravity waves from each set of nuclei may also interact with each other causing an apparent phase difference. The resultant waves created are of longer wavelength with increased amplitude.

Gravity waves are in a small range as opposed to a fix frequency and probably fall in the lower end of the electromagnetic spectrum due to the above effect. Gravity waves due to their nature of formation are unique in that they come IN towards the source as opposed to other electromagnetic radiation which goes OUT from the source. Normal electromagnetic and gravity waves are respectively analogous to high and low tide of sea current if we consider the source to be centre of the ocean. Low tide drags objects into the sea whereas high tide drags objects from the sea on to the shore. It is more difficult to detect waves that go in towards the source thus explaining why gravity waves have been difficult to detect and therefore have not been categorised as such.

Like matter the result of this compounded wave is three dimensional so it results in waves coming towards matter from all directions unlike sea waves coming towards the shore. The size of this current created is dependent on the size of the nucleus which in turn is dependent on the accumulation of the number of protons and neutrons within the nucleus. The net result is that gravity is directly proportional to mass; hence the periodic table gives us a proportional measure of mass thus taking into account isotopes with an uneven number of neutrons and protons.

Two objects will pull on one another and the object with the larger mass such as the earth will have a proportionally greater pull. To put a visual perspective, imagine two adjacent objects creating a ‘low tide’ effect dragging the other object in its direction. Gravity is a stabilising force, not just because it stops things flying about but is at work in all physical, chemical and biological processes. It may also be responsible for the stability of time on earth and is a vital component without which the formation and sustenance of life would be impossible.

Magnetism

Magnetism is a field force and it occurs due to the accumulation of mini whirlpools in the alpha-negatron matrix caused by the movement of electrons when the flow of electrons in multiple atoms becomes aligned and flowing in the same direction. This can happen in permanent magnets or in an electro-magnet when electrons are exchanged around a coiled wire. A current (I) goes through a wire and this aligns the electrons in the wire to produces a rotational magnetic field (F) perpendicular to the current (I). This field only occurs due to the negatively charged electrons exerting a pushing and rotating effect on the negatively charged alpha-negatrons.

Maxwell's rule

The direction of this rotational field can be determined by Maxwell’s right hand rule. When current flows through a wire, the direction of the electrons are aligned in such a manner that results in the motions of the electrons around nucleus is on the same plane as the flow of the current but the spin of the electrons on their own axes is perpendicular to flow of the current and this pushes and stirs the alpha-negatrons producing a combined rotational whirlpool motion which manifests itself as a rotational magnetic field outside the conductor as well as a magnetic field within the conductor.  The actual mechanism of this is explained in more detail later under the section “Gyroscopic effect of electrons and the nucleus”. This alignment of electrons can also occur in a permanent magnet due to the nature of how it is created.

There are many windings in a solenoid producing an accumulation of spiral magnetic currents.

Maxwell's ruleMaxwell's ruleMaxwell's ruleMaxwell's ruleMaxwell's rule

These unified spiral magnetic currents push the alpha-negatrons to align from north to south in a closed north south circuit.

Solenoid

The alpha-negatrons are NOT moving from north to south but align to form a closed circuit field. The alpha-negatrons are not moving but they are spinning on their own axes perpendicular to the direction of alignment. The direction of the rotational spin of the alpha-negatrons is also determined by Maxwell’s right hand rule by substituting current with direction of alignment. This alignment and spin of the alpha-negatron creates a force field called a magnetic field.  A solenoid could be a coil on its own or with a ferrous material in the middle. Since the alpha-negatrons are also in between the spaces within an atom, they also align within the ferrous material forming a complete closed circuit from north to south. This principle also applies to a permanent magnet except that in a solenoid the alpha-negatrons go back to their normal position when the current is switched off.

Traditionally a permanent bar magnet is produced by repeatedly stroking a bar of metal with one pole of a magnet from top to the bottom or vice versa. This causes the spins of the electrons to be aligned analogous to a row of ball bearings being spun in one direction. The result is that a field is created identical to the one above in a solenoid.

Oscillations not just spin in the alpha-negatrons are needed to produce movement in the electrons in a coil just as oscillations in electron motion produces movement in the alpha-negatron matrix. This explains why electricity cannot be produced from still magnets. This would also explain why attempts to produce a self-perpetuating magnet motor have failed.  There is no flow of movement in the alpha-negatrons in a magnetic field hence why still magnetic fields do not disrupt the flow of gravity waves, radio waves or any other electromagnetic waves.

In non-magnetic materials the flow of electrons in multiple atoms are not aligned and not flowing in the same direction so the whirlpool currents from each electron do not accumulate. The result is that the alpha-negatrons do not align to form a field. The formation of electron covalent bonds also inhibits the alignment of the alpha-negatrons in the matrix. In non-magnetic materials the overall effect on the object is that magnetic currents cancel each other out and the gravitational currents dominate.

Apart from magnetic and non-magnetic materials there are also materials that exhibit Para magnetism and Diamagnetism. Paramagnetic elements are strongly affected by magnetic fields because their subshells are not completely filled with electrons. Diamagnetic materials contain only paired electrons spinning in opposite directions around the nucleus, thereby cancelling each other out and producing no magnetic field. Magnets possess the quality to attract some metals yet repel others, so the materials that magnets attract are magnetic and the materials that repel are diamagnetic.

A magnet has two poles irrespective of how it is created (permanent or electromagnet), a north and a south pole. In the above diagram of the solenoid, when viewed from the top of the north pole of the magnet the alpha-negatron alignment fields are coming outwards. When viewed from the top of the south pole of the magnet the alpha-negatron alignment fields are going inwards.

When two magnets are brought together with the like poles of each magnet facing each other (for example both north poles) then both the electron spins and the resulting forces of alignment from each magnet are moving in the opposite directions. The direction of the spins of the alpha-negatrons from each magnet is also spinning in opposite directions. There is a head on collision of the alpha-negatrons due to opposing forces of alignment and the magnets repel each other. Since the forces of alignment are stronger in the centre and close to the pole of each magnet, the closer both magnets get to each other the stronger the force of repulsion.

When two magnets are brought together with the opposite poles of each magnet facing each other (for example the north pole of one magnet and the south pole of another magnet) then both the electron spins and the resulting forces of alignment from each magnet are moving in the same direction. The direction of the spins of the alpha-negatrons from each magnet is also spinning in the same direction. The forces of alignment are stronger in the centre and close to the pole of each magnet. Since both the forces of alignment in the alpha-negatron matrix are in the same direction, these combined forces of alignment in the alpha-negatron matrix merge in an attempt to unify both fields. The pull from each magnet becomes stronger the closer their respective poles get to each other and both magnets are forced to align themselves respective to the centre of each pole. This results in both the magnets being pulled together and a new field of alignment is created between the combined north and south poles of both magnets. This new field of alignment gets stronger and stronger as the distance between the two magnets is decreased while the original field of alignment for each magnet gets weaker and weaker until the two magnets meet. At this point the two magnets merge to form a new bigger magnet with a new unified field of alignment between the north pole of one magnet and south poles of the other magnet.

Electromagnetic radiation

Electromagnetic waves vary in wavelength according to which part of the electromagnetic spectrum they belongs to. Radio waves are created by causing a change in electron motion in a coil which in turn creates a wave in the alpha-negatron matrix due to its oscillations at a particular frequency. The motion of electrons going up and down in a coil will create waves in the alpha-negatron matrix by agitation just as they do in water when an object is moved up and down. Light waves are visible part of the electromagnetic spectrum and they are created when an electron moves from an outer activated orbit to an inner orbital from within an atom. Energy is lost in the process when the electron moves from the outer activated orbit to the inner orbital creating a shock which in turn creates a very narrow wave at a specific wavelength in the alpha-negatron matrix. In traditional physics this is termed a photon which has supposedly properties of a wave and a particle but in reality no such particle exists.

Electromagnetic radiation such as x-rays, microwaves and gamma-rays are of shorter wavelength and are very penetrative. X-rays are created when electrons are accelerated and bombarded onto a harder material such as metal. Microwaves are created by various types of transmitter such as chip and an antenna in a mobile phone and a magnetron in a microwave. Gamma-rays are produced in nuclear reactions such as in stars and it involves the collision of high energy particles such as protons or neutrons. In all of the above a very powerful, narrow, short wave of a penetrative nature at the appropriate wave length is produced according to how this sharp shock is created in the alpha-negatron matrix.

The wavelength of an electromagnetic wave is inversely proportional to the wave frequency. A frequency of 30 MHz will produce an approximate wavelength of 10 metres. Since electromagnetic waves propagate at the speed of light, in the above example the time it takes to complete one cycle at 30 MHz the wave has travelled 10 metres. This makes sense as the approximate speed of light in vacuum is 300,000,000 m/s.

As stated above alpha-negatrons are much, much smaller than an electron and due to them being negatively charged are evenly spaced forming a three dimensional alpha-negatron matrix. Since the universe is submersed in these particles the distance between alpha-negatrons is very small and is relatively fixed. When one alpha-negatron is moved, this causes the surrounding alpha-negatrons to be moved.  Consider how fast a shock transfers energy or propagates it in the form of a wave in a metal or air as sound waves. This transfer of energy is faster in a metal than in air because the distance between the lattice structures of metals is much smaller than the distance between molecules that make up air and hence the speed of travel in metals is proportionally faster. This underlying principle can be applied to the alpha-negatrons and safely assume that the speed at which electromagnetic radiation travels in the alpha-negatron matrix is determined by the distance between each alpha-negatron.  Since the distance between each alpha-negatron is relatively fixed hence the speed of travel for electromagnetic waves is also relatively fixed. This is why the speed of light is considered to be a relative constant. If the distance between the alpha-negatrons were to be reduced then the increase in the speed of travel for electromagnetic waves would be inversely proportional to the distance and vice versa.

It should be possible to calculate how far the alpha-negatrons are apart in this alpha-negatron matrix since both the speed of light and sound is known and the distance between molecules that make up air can be estimated. This could give indirect proof for the possible existence of alpha-negatrons and give an estimate of how small these particles actually are in relation to other subatomic particles such as an electron, proton or a neutron. The size of the alpha-negatron is probably less than a quarter of the size of how far the alpha-negatrons are apart in this matrix. The size of an alpha-negatron is in the region of Planck’s constant.

Gravitism and the stability of the nucleus

As explained above, gravitism is field force like magnetism and is caused by the spin and movement of protons whether on their own or from within the nucleus instead of electrons as in magnetism and its mechanism is explained below.

As stated above that after the ‘big bang’ everything from large masses such as planets down to subatomic particles such as electrons, protons and neutrons spun on their own axes in the same direction. Before the formation of the nucleus apart from the hydrogen atom, a proton and a neutron are separate but both spinning in the same direction. The spinning proton and neutron causes the surrounding alpha-negatrons to spin in the same direction creating separate whirlpool currents around each one. The spinning proton in addition has a pulling effect on the surrounding alpha-negatrons. Both the whirlpool currents are spinning in the same direction and in a mechanism similar to when two magnets of opposite poles come together, the proton and the neutron come together in an attempt to unify both spinning whirlpool currents. More protons and neutrons unite through a similar mechanism to form different elements. The nucleus of a hydrogen atom contains just a proton and when a neutron is added to it for form a helium atom in a process called nuclear fusion then energy is released. This indicates that the union of a proton with a neutron requires less energy than a proton on its own and hence the excess energy is released indicating that the above mechanism of how a neutron binds to a proton is likely to be correct.

The nucleus is most stable when it contains even numbers of both protons and neutrons. When neutrons outnumber the protons in a nucleus as in certain isotopes of the same element then the element becomes unstable and therefore radioactive.  The mechanism is similar to above in nuclear fusion in that more energy is required to bind uneven number of protons and neutrons and the excess energy is released in radioactive decay by the process of nuclear fission. If gluons were responsible for holding the protons and neutrons together then the above would not be true.

The movement of the electrons in the first orbit pushes the alpha-negatrons into mini whirlpools, compressing and aligning the alpha-negatrons around the nucleus due to their negative charge which are already being pulled by the spinning positively charged nucleus due to its proton content. This mechanism causes a compression of the alpha-negatrons around the nucleus, further adding to the stability of the nucleus.

Gyroscopic effect of electrons and the nucleus

Professor Eric Laithwaite’s lecture (1974) part 3 reveals the possible mechanism of an electron spinning around the nucleus. A spinning gyroscope is suspended on a thread with its spinning rotor spinning in a vertical plane, the same plane as the thread that is suspending the gyroscope. The gyroscope moves out in the horizontal plane in a circular motion. The radius of this circle is proportion to the speed of rotation of the gyro rotor or the energy given to it. Let us imagine that instead of the gyroscope, it is an electron spinning in a vertical plane. Instead of the thread and gravity, it is the positively charged nucleus holding the negatively charged electron in a horizontal plane by it pulling effect as it spins around the nucleus.

To clarify the above observations and deductions, the spin of an electron on its axis is on a perpendicular plane to the plane its spins around the nucleus. The spin of the electron on its axis causes the electron to spin around the nucleus due to the powerful gyroscopic effect created and its direction of rotation around the nucleus is determined by the direction of rotation of the electron on its own axes. To visualise this let us imagine looking at the electron from the nucleus. If the electron is spinning anticlockwise in the vertical plane then looking at the atom from the top, the electron spins around the nucleus in a clockwise direction on the horizontal plane. This is consistent with Maxwell’s right hand rule.

As the electron spins around the nucleus, the alpha-negatrons are pushed into mini whirlpools on the horizontal plane and as the electron spins on its own axis in the vertical plane the alpha-negatrons are pushed into mini whirlpools in the vertical plane. The magnetic field vector appears to be perpendicular to the electric field vector as taught in conventional physics; however is not the full story as there is a magnetic field vector on the same plane as the electric field as well as a magnetic field vector perpendicular to the electric field vector.  Both the magnetic field vectors are needed to complete the magnetic flux flow shown in the diagram below.

Solenoid closeup

In Diamagnetic materials not only are the two opposing paired electrons are moving in opposite directions on the horizontal plane they are also spinning in opposite directions on their axes on the vertical plane.

The plane of rotation of the nucleus is that of the electron spinning around the nucleus and not that of the electron spinning on its axis. The direction of rotation of the electrons around the nucleus can be the same or in opposite direction to that of the nucleus.

The spin of the electrons and the spin of the nuclei make very powerful gyroscopes because by comparing mass / size ratio it can be seen that they are in essence ‘pure masses’!  If the gyroscopic effect of the nucleus did not stabilise the nucleus in one plane then the effect of its positive charge on the electrons could be catastrophic in terms of the atoms stability with regards to proton / neutron positioning.

The genesis of the atom

Now let us postulate at the possible mechanism of formation of the atom. The above topic “Gravitism and the stability of the nucleus” explains the mechanism of how the neutrons fuse with protons to form the basic nucleus. Why and how such large variations of elements are created by the combination of neutrons fuse with protons is still unexplained. All the elements were created shortly after the ‘big bang’ and they are relatively stable unless they undergoing ‘radio-active decay’, nuclear fission or fusion.

Once the nucleus has been created with its various combinations of protons and neutrons, the pulling force of the spinning nucleus attracts a passing negatively charged electron towards it. The electron aligns itself on the same plane as the spin of the nucleus. Since the electron is also spinning on its own axis (exerting a pushing effect on the alpha-negatrons), it rotates to the ‘lowest energy’ point stabilising at the position where its spin on its own axis is perpendicular to its spin around the nucleus. This electron is now spinning around like a mini gyroscope around the spinning nucleus as described in the above topic “Gyroscopic effect of electrons and the nucleus” at the most innermost orbit as dictated by the proton / neutron combination of the nucleus. The numbers of orbitals available are dictated by the number of protons in the nucleus and they are filled from the innermost to the outermost with available electrons by the same way as described above. The mechanism of this innermost and other orbitals are described in the below topic “Mechanism of electron orbitals”

Mechanism of electron orbitals

The Danish scientist Niels Bohr in 1913 suggested that electrons can only orbit at specified set distances and experimental evidence has proven this to be true. This can be explained through the alpha-negatron hypothesis due to the electrostatic pulling force of the positively charged proton on the negatively charged electrons and the very strong magnetic forces occurring at the sub-atomic level keeping the electrons of the atom in well-defined orbits. The size of the positive charge of a nucleus is dependent on the number of protons in the nucleus. The size of the nucleus is dependent on the number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus. The spin of the nucleus apart from creating gravity waves in the alpha-negatron matrix also pulls the alpha-negatrons into a spiral motion due to its positive charge by the mechanism of gravitism thereby compressing and aligning the alpha-negatrons around the nucleus. The movement of the electrons in the first orbit pushes the alpha-negatrons into mini whirlpools compressing and aligning the alpha-negatrons around the nucleus due to their negative charge. Both the fields of alignment from the electron and the nucleus interact and there is a head on collision of both fields of alignment resulting in a magnetic repulsion force between the two fields. This results in the electrons in the first orbital having a fixed well-defined orbit. The distance of the first orbital is determined by the size of the nucleus, its positive charge and the number of electrons in the first orbital. Subsequent well-defined orbits are also created due to the fields of alignment created by electrons from each orbit interacting with fields of alignment created by electrons from the neighbouring orbits. The distance of the subsequent well-defined orbitals are determined by the number of electrons in each orbit which is responsible for the strength of the field of alignment around that orbit which interact with neighbouring field of alignment created by the accumulation of electrons in the neighbouring orbit.

Particle wave duality

An important implication of Heisenberg’s Uncertainty Principle is that particles behave in some respect like waves. The duality of electromagnetic radiation behaving like a particle and a wave can be explained through the alpha-negatron hypothesis as follows. Alpha-negatron particles like an electron have a fixed size and charge and electromagnetic waves propagate through the alpha-negatron matrix utilizing compression and rarefaction. Due to its above nature electromagnetic waves can be emitted or absorbed only in ‘packets’ and possess the properties of frequency, wavelength, amplitude and phase.

Relationship of mass and energy

The famous Einstein’s equation E = mc2 was first published by Henri Poincare a French genius in 1901 four years before Einstein even published his paper on Relativity. Energy (E) is equal to the mass (m) times the velocity of light (c) squared. Nuclear fission and fusion demonstrate that colossal amounts of energy can be released from a very small amount of mass and that the energy which can be obtained from matter is directly proportional to its mass. No one has actually managed to convert the full mass into pure energy so apart from using the above formula, it’s unlikely that we can actually calculate accurately how much energy will be produced from matter if it was converted into pure energy. Is it a massive coincidence that the speed of light squared just happens to be the constant that completes the relationship between energy and mass? If the speed of light squared is the correct constant connecting energy and mass then why is the speed of light so significant?  Is this because the transfer of energy occurs through the alpha-negatron matrix and the rate of transfer of energy happens at the speed of light? This poses another question that if matter was converted into pure energy in a black hole, would this significantly release more energy than on earth?

Time

Einstein’s General Relativity predicted that gravity bends space-time and that a person on earth would age faster than in space. Experiments have proven this to be true and the alpha-negatron hypothesis also supports this. Although the speed of travel in the alpha-negatron matrix or the speed of light is a relative ‘constant’, but as stated above it is dependent on the distance between each alpha-negatron in the matrix. Since the spinning positively charged nucleus has a pulling effect on the negatively charged alpha-negatrons in the matrix, this would bring the alpha-negatrons closer together than they would normally be without this pulling force which manifests itself as gravity at planetary level. The alpha-negatron hypothesis predicts that accurate measurements for the speed of light in vacuum on earth and that in space would show that light travels faster on earth in vacuum than in space due to the gravitational force. The dimension of time is linked to the alpha-negatron matrix proportionally in the same way as the speed of light is linked to the alpha-negatron matrix. This implies that as the speed of travel in the alpha-negatron matrix increases due to the effect of gravity, time is also executed faster as a result. This is analogous to increasing the clock speed in the CPU on a computer to execute more instructions.  On earth due to air molecules the speed of light is slowed down but the passage of time it not affected due to its nature and dimension which is interwoven in the fabric of the alpha-negatron matrix hence the term space-time. A planet’s gravitation force pulls and bends the alpha-negatron matrix around the planets and is responsible for the curvature of space-time. Alpha-negatrons are the key to understanding the relativity of space-time.

There is evidence to suggest that the universe is expanding so it seems conceivable that the distance between each alpha-negatron is also being increased hence slowing the speed at which electromagnetic radiation travels. This movement of these alpha-negatrons in the expanding universe is linked to the dimension of time. As the universe expands the speed of time decreases more in space than on planets due to gravity keeping the alpha-negatrons pulled.

Consciousness

Yoga literally means ‘union with God’ and this can be achieved by the practice of yoga in an experience called “god consciousness”.  Through yogic meditation, difference stages of trances are produced and the god consciousness experience is the last of two stages. The first stage of god consciousness is Sabikalpa Samadhi in which pure consciousness prevails and one is totally absorbed in inner awareness. Then at some stage one becomes aware of one self and Nirbikalpa Samadhi is achieved. It can be likened to the experience of a ferrous material going into and magnetic field and retaining the magnetism for a while when it is withdrawn from the magnetic field.

In Sabikalpa Samadhi one is not able to think and time seems to stand still and you feel you have been in that state for hours and hours when in reality you have only been in that state for a short while. In Nirbikalpa Samadhi, one is able to think and is conscious of the surroundings but the mind seems to be detached from the body. The mind is in a state of bliss and the body is also immune to pain and if one was suffering with pain of any sort and it is no longer felt while in this state. In Nirbikalpa Samadhi something echoes inside “I am” and “I am not afraid”!

In Sabikalpa Samadhi, one is not able to think and pure consciousness prevails. This implies that consciousness is separate from thinking. Consciousness is a dimension like time and it is interwoven in the fabric of matter such as the alpha-negatron matrix. Consciousness like time pervades everywhere and through everything but a medium like neural circuits is needed to experience it fully and a dull consciousness is still experienced without it in non-living entities. This is analogous to the use of a coil in a tuned circuit to decipher the radio signals which would still be there nonetheless. A different level of consciousness prevails according to the sophistication of the neural circuit medium. Consciousness is also influenced by gravity but in the opposite direction to time. The rate at which time passes is increased with gravity and level of consciousness is decreased with gravity. This is why yogis prefer to mediate in the mountains.

Occult / ESP

We in the physical world communicate with the universal consciousness through the matrix of matter (alpha-negatron matrix) by thought or deed and the degree of ‘consciousness’ (pure) of the individual. Thought or deed is translated into emotions and the most pure is love which has the most profound effect. The most effective transmitter of these emotions is the heart.  Sincere wishes from the heart are heard by the universal conscious or ‘god’ and manifest themselves as reality. Communications happen through frequencies and some frequencies are more effective for certain applications and its significance can be verified by studying brain waves like alpha, beta and theta. The pineal gland is like an aerial which is involved in receiving and transmitting of raw signals (ESP / telepathy).

A raw thought is like a bolt of lightning stimulating a few selected neurons and that ‘thought’ like an ‘emotion’ is translated into a language according to one’s knowledge, experience and upbringing including culture / language etc. Two individuals with similar knowledge, experience and upbringing including culture / language like twins or lovers are more likely to translate the ‘raw’ transmitted signal (if they are in a similar state of consciousness / awareness) in the same way into words through language. Just as different cultures / languages put different meaning to words / ideas, the ‘raw’ signal can be translated (if received) in totally different way to what the ‘transmitter’ perceived!

Other dimensions / Spirit world

There is a spiritual dimension with spiritual matter just as there is a physical dimension with physical matter. There is also a dimension of universal energy, the psi-energy which sustains everything from energy required at particle level to life in the physical world to the sustenance of spiritual matter.

Universe in terms of energy

The psi-energy can be thought of in terms of energy, frequency and vibration putting shape, direction and purpose to physical and spiritual matter as illustrated in the below video clip.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AS67HA4YMCs&sns=em%20%E2%80%A6

The physical and spiritual world or plane run parallel (universe) but both share the dimension of time, consciousness and psi-energy. The dimension of time, consciousness and psi-energy shape the evolutionary process on both the physical and spiritual plane.

There is a physical body superimposed on to a spiritual body. The degree of binding for a living organism is altered according to the levels of time, consciousness and psi-energy and vice versa. The increase in the rate of time heightens the physical plane whereas an increase in consciousness (pure) heightens the spiritual plane and vice versa. This is why In Sabikalpa and Nirbikalpa Samadhi, the mind seems to be detached from the body.

As in the above analogy of consciousness, psi-energy pervades everywhere and through everything whether in the physical or spiritual plane but a medium such as cellular biological processes is needed to ‘tap’ this energy for the purpose of sustaining life in the physical plane. The psi-energy is used at the sub-atomic level in the physical plane to provide the necessary energy for sustenance of motion, spin, positive / negative charges and in the spiritual plane for sustenance of spiritual matter including spiritual life form.

When the physical body dies such as due to not getting enough oxygen via blood vessels then the ‘circuit’ is broken and the body is unable to tap the energy from the psi-energy (universal source) for the purpose of sustaining the physical body due to shutdown of cellular biological processes and the soul or the spiritual body is separated from the physical body.  In the dying brain the neural circuits slow down and eventually stop working. The thinking process is affected first and then consciousness is slowly affected. In the early stages of the above thinking is suppressed and this results in consciousness being heightened until it becomes pure consciousness. This would explain many near death spiritual experiences. It seems very likely that we experience the god consciousness experience at death and even at birth due to similar logic.

Conclusion

The phenomenon of gravity, magnetism, gravitism and electromagnetic radiation manifests as a result of how the alpha-negatrons are moved or disturbed within this alpha-negatron matrix. Time, consciousness and psi-energy are separate dimensions interwoven in the fabric of matter such as the alpha-negatron matrix on the physical plane. Time and consciousness are altered by the gravitational force from planets and should be correctly termed the “curvature of space-time-consciousness”.

Magnetism is a powerful force and at the subatomic level it is extremely powerful. It keeps the electrons of the atom in well-defined orbits which is responsible for the stability of molecules. Gravitism like magnetism is powerful force but due to the fact that alignment of spins of the nuclei does not happen in the same way electrons it only works at the subatomic level. It is however extremely powerful and is responsible for binding the protons and neutrons within the nucleus and is also responsible for the stability of the nucleus. If these mini magnetic and gravitic fields that hold the atom together were to be disrupted by a strong enough tidal force in the alpha-negatron matrix in the form of electromagnetic radiation at the right frequency and phase then the atom would collapse. This could form the basis for cold nuclear fission and fusion reactors.

According to conventional theories there doesn’t seem to be enough matter and dark matter to halt the expansion of the universe so there seems to be still a large amount of matter in the universe still unaccounted for. Could the alpha-negatrons be a kind of dark matter thus explaining the bulk of the unaccountable mass? Recently scientists have suggested that neutrinos could be responsible for the unaccountable mass. Experiments indicate that neutrino are electrically neutral, but is it possible they do have a very, very small negative charge which so far has not been detected due to their relative size in relation to the electron or they are alpha-negatron particles which have lost their charge? Is it also possible that neutrinos could be in fact loose alpha-negatron particles which have been knocked out of the matrix by a powerful shock and are being catapulted in different directions?

There have been quite a few ‘unified theories’ in recent years. In an effort to unravel the mysteries of the universe, physicists have concentrated on the nucleus of an atom and hence the building of the Large Hadron Collider thereby completely ignoring what is outside the atom. This ‘empty’ space in between atoms connects all matter on the physical plane. Most of modern technology is based on the above phenomenon exhibited as a result of these tiny alpha-negatron particles. Intelligence and consciousness has to be based on communication, and there can be no better medium of communication than through these tiny particles. As stated above consciousness is a dimension like time and it pervades every part of the universe in the physical and spiritual plane. There is ‘universal mind’ based on the collective interaction of all matter, physical and spiritual.

Time, conscience and psi-energy pervade everywhere and are interwoven in the fabric of physical and spiritual matter. The interaction of these three primary dimensions can be visualised like a thread or rope with the psi-energy in the middle with time and consciousness wrapped around it in opposite directions like a double helix. This ‘thread’ shapes the evolutionary process on both the physical and spiritual plane. Lord Krishna is reported to have said in the Bhagavad Gita that “I am the ‘thread’ that binds the universe”.

Max Plank's famous quote

Alpha-negatron hypothesis explaining previous experimental evidence for gravity reduction

Weightlessness

Before examining experiments to produce ‘anti-gravity’ let us examine the mechanism of how traditionally weightlessness is achieved. NASA’s “Vomit Comet” simulates weightlessness for about 25 seconds. The airplane climbs up to a high altitude, and then commences a parabolic dive. During this dive, everything floats inside the airplane, simulating weightlessness.  As the airplane climbs up the alpha-negatrons in the plane are moving up with the plane but when the plane takes a dive the alpha-negatrons take time to adjust when they suddenly change direction. The flow of gravity waves is disrupted during this adjustment period and for a while weightlessness is achieved. It seems logical to suggest that radio signals would also be impaired in the plane during this small period. If this were to be found then this would be indirect evidence in support of the above hypothesis.

Experiments in gravity reduction through spin

A number of experiments have demonstrated ‘anti-gravity’ effects and the standard theories explaining them can be found in the below link.

http://www.esotericscience.com/Antigravity.aspx

Roschin & Godin device, itself a modified version of the Searl SEG machine which consists of sets of rapidly rotating magnets that have shown to significantly reduce the weight of the whole apparatus. Another example of rotating magnetic fields producing ‘anti-gravitational’ effects is the Hamel device. It consists of two counter rotating wheels of magnets stacked three levels high.

Weight reduction has also been observed with simple rotation of objects but it would seem that the strongest effects are produced by rotating magnetic fields. Hideo Hayasaka and Sakeo Takeuchi have reported a weight reduction in rapidly rotating gyroscopes.

Eugene Podkletnov interestingly demonstrated gravity shielding effect with a rapidly rotating superconducting disk. In the presence of an external magnetic field a disk is spun at some 7000 rpm and anything situated above the disk loses weight.

All of the above methods essentially work by stirring the alpha-negatron matrix thereby disrupting the flow of gravity waves. Magnets spinning would cause a greater disruption than spinning objects on their own. Although rotating magnets disrupt gravity waves, still magnets of normal strength do not affect gravity proving that gravity waves are essentially different in origin from magnetic fields. In the above rapidly rotating gyroscopes experiment interestingly the weight reduction occurs only for clockwise rotation. This is understandable as the earth spins in an anti-clockwise direction therefore the disruption in alpha-negatron matrix would occur when gyroscopes are spun clockwise causing a head on collision of alpha-negatrons as a result of the two opposing spins.

Experiments in ‘anti-gravity’ through high voltages / radio frequency beams

A number of experiments involving high voltages such as the Townsend Brown gravitor have shown weight reduction, among other unusual effects.

The work of John Hutchison allegedly demonstrates objects being raised into the air and other phenomenon such as the ‘crumbling’ of metals. He claims to have achieved this by using a combination of high voltages and radio frequency beams but no one seems to be able to duplicate his work.

High voltages could disrupt gravity waves flowing in the alpha-negatron matrix. Radio frequency beams could be directly interacting with gravity waves by reducing their intensity or cancelling them out completely. The ‘crumbling’ of metals can be explained through the alpha-negatron hypothesis as follows. As explained above, strong magnetic and gravitic forces occurring at the sub-atomic level keeps the electrons in well-defined orbits. If these forces are disrupted due to the interaction of high voltage radio frequency beams at the right frequency and phase, then the molecular structure of the metal would collapse causing metal to ‘crumble’. There seems to be a lack of reproducibility of response with the work of John Hutchison even by himself and this probably stems from a lack of understanding of what is actually causing this effect.

Conclusion

It is important to remember that the force of gravity does not need to be completely cancelled in order for an object to be lifted into the air. The centrifugal force due to the earth’s rotation is always present but is no match to the stronger gravitational force. When the gravitational influence is reduced below that of the earth’s centrifugal force then an object will rise into the air as a result.

The above methods of spinning devices represent crude methods in producing anti-gravity. The most efficient method would be through the use of electromagnetic radiation of the right frequency but sent 180 degrees out of phase with gravity waves thereby cancelling their effect. Due to the low frequency of gravity waves the above is probably best achieved by having two radio waves of different but appropriate wavelengths so that when they interact because of the phase difference created, the resultant frequency is that of gravity waves but 180 degrees out of phase.

buddha quote2

Search As You Type

In 1985 Pal opened three pharmacies and a supermarket with his business partner Roshan Lal.  These thriving businesses were sold 20 years later.  Fascinated by programming Pal invented Autodispens the pharmacy computer program in 1987.  The search-as-you-type algorithm was incorporated into the program in 1989.

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